Anthropogenic, Direct Pressures on Coastal Wetlands

An article from GREENCAP Project member, Dewan Ahsan of the Southern Denmark University. This article can be downloaded at the link given below.


Coastal wetlands, such as saltmarshes and mangroves, that fringe transitional waters deliver important ecosystem services that support human development. Coastal wetlands are complex social-ecological systems that occur at all latitudes, from Polar Regions to the tropics. This overview covers wetlands in five continents. The wetlands are of varying size, catchment size, human population and human development. Economic sectors and activities in and around the coastal wetlands and their catchments exert multiple pressures that affect the state of the wetlands and the delivery of valuable ecosystem services. All the coastal wetlands were found to be affected in some ways, irrespective of the conservation status. The main economic sectors were identified as agriculture, animal rearing including aquaculture, fisheries, tourism, urbanisation, shipping, industrial development and mining. Specific human activities include land reclamation, damming, draining and water extraction, construction of ponds for aquaculture and salt extraction, construction of ports and marinas, dredging, discharge of effluents from urban and industrial areas and logging, in the case of mangroves. The main pressures were loss of wetland habitat, changes in connectivity affecting hydrology and sedimentology, as well as contamination and pollution. These pressures lead to changes in environmental state, such as erosion, subsidence and hypoxia that threaten the sustainability of the wetlands. There are also changes in the state of the ecology, such as loss of saltmarsh plants and seagrasses, and mangrove trees, in tropical wetlands. These changes in the structure and function of the wetland ecosystems affect the delivery of important ecosystem services that are often underestimated. The loss of ecosystem services impacts human welfare as well as the regulation of climate change by coastal wetlands. These impacts are likely to be further aggravated by climate change.

Dewan Ahsan et. al. 2020. Anthropogenic, Direct Pressures on Coastal Wetlands

Full article here :


Newton, Alice & Icely, John & Cristina, Sónia & Perillo, Gerardo & Turner, Robert & Ahsan, Dewan & Cragg, Simon & Luo, Yongming & Tu, Chen & Li, Yuan & Zhang, Haibo & Ramachandran, Ramesh & Forbes, Donald & Solidoro, Cosimo & Béjaoui, Béchir & Gao, Shu & Pastres, Roberto & Kelsey, H. & Taillie, Dylan & Kuenzer, Claudia. (2020). Anthropogenic, Direct Pressures on Coastal Wetlands. 8. 144. 10.3389/fevo.2020.00144.